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Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. While he was a student at the University of Pisa he began to study the pendulum by watching a suspended lamp swing back and forth in the cathedral. From these first observations came his theory for the pendulum clock. Galileo is called the Father of Modern Science. He studied motion and performed experiments by dropping objects from heights such as the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Galileo with the aid of a telescope discovered four new moons around Jupiter. He believed the earth revolved around the sun and because of his beliefs suffered persecution during the Inquisition. He was accused of heresy and put under house arrest. He spent the rest of his life in this type of imprisonment.