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Hippocrates lived 400 years before the birth of Christ. He is known as the father of medicine because many of the things he discovered are still practiced today. During the time when Hippocrates lived, people were very superstitious. They believed there were four fluids in the body which matched four elements; earth, air, fire and water. They would carry sick people to the temple because they thought the god of medicine, Aesculapius could heal them. They would say magic words over the patient to try and heal them. Hippocrates taught that diseases came from natural causes. He had observed many patients and carefully recorded their symptoms and the way their illnesses developed. He would look at the color of the skin, and how the eyes looked. He would look for fevers and chills. He described many illnesses including pneumonia, tetanus, tuberculosis, arthritis, mumps, and malaria . He told his students to carefully observe their patients and to learn from the things they had observed. He said the human body could heal itself and could return itself to good health. The patient was given something to relieve pain, but nothing else was done. He told his patients they should eat a moderate amount of food; not too much and not too little. A moderate amount of exercise was recommended. Patients were encouraged to walk for exercise. Physicians should be men of honor, according to Hippocrates. He encouraged them to work as hard as possible for the good of the sick. The Hippocratic Oath was named for him. It included rules of conducts for doctors and even today doctors still honor a form of the oath.