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Aristotle lived many years ago. He was born in a Greek colony about 350 years before the birth of Christ (B.C.) When he was 17 years old he was sent to Athens to study. Athens was a center of learning and he joined the Academy and studied for twenty years under Plato who was the foremost philosopher and teacher of that time. Philip, king of Macedonia, invited him to come and teach his son Alexander who was 13 years old at the time. He tutored him for five years. He returned to Athens and set up his own school, the Lyceum. He would teach there for 13 years until he had to flee the country. The school he started continued for more than two hundred years. Aristotle walked around as he taught and his students would follow him and listen to his lectures. They became known as the peripatetics a word which means to "walk about". Aristotle was a genius. He studied many different subjects; science, plants, animals, the human body, weather, the earth, the heavens, politics, government, ethics and philosophy. He created a system for organizing and categorizing things which formed the basis for modern day thinking. Aristotle said you need virtues not because you are going to be punished for wrongdoing, but you need them in order to be happy. He set the standard in regard to virtues and vices.